China's accession to the WTO, foreign large-scale international enterprises to increase its investments in the country, and further squeeze the domestic market share. 这使国内商品和服务市场出现经营局面，它将迫使企业积极实施国际化发展战略，在更广阔的空间参与国际经济竞争，获取稀缺资源和市场份额。 This makes domestic goods and services markets of operating situation, it will force enterprises to actively implement the international development strategy, in a broader space for participation in international economic competition, access to scarce resources and market share. 从全更加激烈的竞争，使国内企业面临更加困难的球经济发展来看，经济的全球化、信息化和网络化已成为不可逆转的时代潮流。 More intense competition from all over, so that domestic enterprises are facing more difficult for the ball of economic development, economic globalization, information technology and networking has become an irreversible trend of the times. 为适应经营环境的变化，我国企业必须顺应潮流，面向世界，迎接挑战，积极参与国际市场的竞争。 To meet the changing business environment, China's enterprises must adapt to the trend, the world, meet the challenge, and actively participate in international market competition. 而对外直接投资是企业走向国际市场的重要方式，是企业跨国经营的高级阶段，也意味着面临着更高的风险、更复杂的环境，因此企业在作出直接投资选择时，一定要慎重。 The foreign direct investment is the business into the international market is an important way the advanced stage of multinational enterprises, but also means facing a higher risk, more complex environment, and therefore make a direct investment enterprises in the choice, must be careful. 对外直接投资的方式又多种多样，不同的投资方式又意味着从国际市场取得不同的收益，代表着不同的资源配置、国际化程度以及相应的风险程度，因此投资方式的选择是企业国际化进程中最重要的决策之一。 Foreign direct investment in a manner a variety of different investment from the international markets also means that different income, representing the different allocation of resources, degree of internationalization and the corresponding level of risk, so the choice of investment is the enterprise internationalization in the process, one of the most important decisions.本文主要研究中国企业对外直接投资的发展现状、策略选择与风险防范等问题。 This paper studies the Chinese enterprises to foreign direct investment in the development of the status quo, strategy selection and risk prevention and other issues. 本文首先介绍对外直接投资的相关理论，并以这些理论为基础分析中国企业对外直接投资的必要性和可行性；其次，通过实证研究分析我国企业对外直接投资的动因和发展状况，接着从我国企业对外直接投资的动因入手，在环境与区位选择、投资进入方式选择两个重要方面分析我国企业对外直接投资应该采取的策略；最后，本文研究了我国企业对外直接投资容易遭遇的风险类型，并提出了应对这些风险的有效措施。 This article first introduces relevant theories of foreign direct investment and to analyze them based on the theory of foreign direct investment of Chinese enterprises the necessity and feasibility; secondly, through empirical research and analysis of foreign direct investment of Chinese enterprises and the development of motivation, and then from the Chinese enterprises the motives of foreign direct investment to start, in the environment and the location choice of investment into the mode choice analysis of two important aspects of foreign direct investment of Chinese enterprises should adopt a strategy; Finally, studies of foreign direct investment of Chinese enterprises susceptible to the risk type, and propose of effective measures to address these risks.